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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS 2013 - Africa, Oceania Are Not Key Egg Traders



 

Africa and Oceania are not important players in the export market for shell eggs, according to poultry industry analyst, Terry Evans, but there is more trade in egg products.

The total exported from African countries in 2011, at 7,442 tonnes (Table 1) represented less than 0.5 per cent of world trade, whereas shipments from countries in Oceania at some 3,654 tonnes amounted to only 0.2 per cent.

Table 1. Hen egg exports in shell from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Botswana

0

0

0

1

55

305

210

Congo

0

106

0

0

0

0

0

Egypt

58

2,191

17

9

58

0

496

Ethiopia

0

232

137

179

5

3

0

Kenya

31

78

42

27

71

525

550

Malawi

0

3

367

735

268

80

138

Morocco

1

7

0

58

48

1,750

937

Senegal

0

143

96

61

16

10

25

South Africa

2,862

382

477

1,176

3,974

5,731

2,592

Swaziland

73

125

579

579

579

579

579

Uganda

2

130

0

74

71

1,139

69

Zambia

158

109

533

611

899

779

795

Zimbabwe

2,726

2,966

1,438

2,174

562

290

839

AFRICA

6,155

6,515

3,716

5,742

6,644

11,411

7,442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

129

85

90

172

165

74

385

Fiji

34

30

2

853

516

1,048

830

New Zealand

687

703

922

861

3,071

3,646

2,439

OCEANIA

852

818

1,014

1,886

3,752

4,768

3,654

WORLD

944,793

1,111,230

1,414,784

1,674,065

1,765,121

2,021,225

1,809,404

Countries failing to export more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

African Shell Egg Trade Stable

Quantities exported from African countries have shown little movement over the past decade or so, the relatively large rise in 2010 being primarily due to increased sales from South Africa, Morocco and Uganda.

In that year, South Africa sold 2,100 tonnes to Mozambique compared with 577 tonnes in 2009. Mauritania took 1,490 tonnes from Morocco, while Uganda sold 650 tonnes to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

However, in 2011 South Africa’s exports were more than halved as trade with Zimbabwe plunged from 2,440 tonnes to a mere 216 tonnes. For 2012, South Africa’s shell egg exports are considered to have fallen again.

There is no breakdown of sales from Morocco, while exports from Zimbabwe have declined sharply when compared with 2005. Zimbabwe’s leading customers in 2011 were Mozambique (254 tonnes), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (191 tonnes) and Botswana (144 tonnes).

Sales from Zambia have trended upwards to around 800 tonnes in 2011, of which some 686 tonnes were bought by the United Republic of Tanzania.

New Zealand Tops Oceania's Egg Exporters

In Oceania, New Zealand is the leading exporter shipping almost 2,439 tonnes of shell eggs in 2011, the main purchasers being Papua New Guinea (738 tonnes), New Caledonia (536 tonnes), Fiji (391 tonnes) and the Solomon Islands (235 tonnes).

In this region, Fiji is a sizeable exporter and of the 830 tonnes sold in 2011 almost 630 tonnes went to Samoa.

Less Than Four Per Cent of World Shell Egg Exports Go to Africa 

Africa’s imports of shell eggs (Table 2) represent about 3.5 per cent of the world trade, as in 2011 imports increased to 63,400 tonnes.

More than 60 per cent of this business was conducted by just three countries – Angola taking 25,238 tonnes, Liberia 7,670 tonnes and Libya 5,645 tonnes. The main reasons for the increase in the total over 2010 was a rise of almost 6,200 tonnes in purchases by Angola and nearly 4,200 tonnes by Liberia. While Liberia’s purchases have expanded, Libya has become less active in this market.

Table 2. Hen egg imports in shell into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Algeria

3,152

569

157

332

999

450

461

Angola

6,600

14,717

14,039

17,963

15,006

19,046

25,238

Benin

0

576

0

3

42

42

20

Botswana

698

319

733

896

595

994

760

Cabo Verde

139

33

87

175

153

81

240

Congo

1,067

1,612

1,122

844

1,051

1,042

2,353

Cote d'Ivoire

75

254

220

240

190

159

134

Dem. Rep. Congo

230

3,203

1,475

383

466

1,590

2,068

Djibouti

210

479

353

416

185

224

389

Egypt

13

18

0

0

1,504

20

0

Equatorial Guinea

20

529

830

570

788

1,694

1,917

Gambia

368

1,696

2,334

2,692

233

311

331

Ghana

169

107

51

45

20

36

84

Guinea

2

328

81

82

82

53

123

Kenya

54

185

188

62

26

7

631

Lesotho

120

160

180

180

180

180

180

Liberia

1,500

5,290

1,862

3,816

3,218

3,801

7,670

Libya

3,100

4,388

11,977

11,977

8,539

9,084

5,645

Malawi

190

695

129

106

21

52

56

Mauritania

458

1,840

1,362

489

565

1,061

1,542

Morocco

740

0

0

0

68

78

78

Mozambique

1,000

358

388

1,198

1,397

2,239

2,255

Namibia

1,328

0

0

0

0

0

0

Niger

47

44

1

25

25

118

73

Nigeria

0

248

4

7

7

212

412

Rwanda

0

0

0

0

213

825

1,169

Senegal

159

606

969

931

1,093

1,064

1,196

Seychelles

83

91

111

90

74

68

64

Sierra Leone

1,800

890

1,134

2,509

2,032

1,846

2,195

South Africa

16

722

716

443

12

4

3

Sudan

242

511

1,055

876

1,008

1,076

1,295

Swaziland

957

596

2,408

2,408

2,408

2,408

2,408

Tunisia

226

252

408

44

114

705

311

United Rep. Tanzania

594

146

353

116

371

462

1,183

Zambia

66

136

6,041

14

3

63

1

Zimbabwe

4

8

0

11

3,115

2,825

519

AFRICA

25,712

41,817

50,968

50,206

46,052

54,357

63,408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American Samoa

150

0

0

0

0

0

0

Australia

26

568

134

416

1,010

823

686

Fiji

391

232

405

236

128

228

72

Kiribati

10

11

100

100

100

100

0

New Caledonia

40

40

60

185

263

193

389

New Zealand

2

7

151

19

58

76

120

Samoa

0

452

382

500

600

1,092

243

Solomon Isl.

40

42

127

45

63

74

229

OCEANIA

674

1,533

1,535

1,709

2,388

2,821

1,831

WORLD

886,023

1,093,651

1,468,005

1,580,962

1,627,866

1,681,751

1,681,176

Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

Shell Egg Imports to Oceania Minimal

Imports into Oceania are miniscule amounting to less than 2,000 tonnes a year. Most are bought by Australia which does not permit imports of table eggs, imports being restricted to hatching eggs or eggs for pharmaceutical purposes.

Trade in Dried Egg

Only small quantities of dried egg are exported from Africa. It should be noted that the FAO data shown in Tables 3 and 4 do not include the trade in dried albumen.

In 2011, some 122 tonnes of Egypt’s exports went to Saudi Arabia, while Mozambique was the only customer for South Africa’s exports of 283 tonnes in 2011, though the total sold from South Africa in 2012 looks to have contracted to some 173 tonnes.

Table 3. Exports of dried egg* from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Egypt

0

0

0

0

169

169

153

Ethiopia

0

0

0

0

17

7

0

Gambia

0

0

0

27

0

0

0

South Africa

0

5

1

2

0

12

283

AFRICA

13

12

4

44

199

197

437

OCEANIA

5

2

1

2

2

2

1

WORLD

29,412

47,578

54,735

57,614

57,074

55,800

59,534

Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
*The trade in albumen is not included.
Source: FAO

African countries are a little more active in the trade in imported dried egg. Although total purchases into the region in 2011 were roughly treble the 2000 level, the quantities bought since 2005 have fluctuated between 1,000 and 1,700 tonnes. Biggest buyer in 2011 was Egypt with 363 tonnes, the bulk (197 tonnes) of which came from the Ukraine.

Mauritania imported 357 tonnes, purchases being primarily divided between Brazil (166 tonnes) and the Netherlands (137 tonnes).

Tunisia received just over 200 tonnes, with 115 tonnes coming from Denmark and 80 tonnes from France.

Table 4. Imports of dried egg* into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Algeria

20

31

24

0

0

1

16

Botswana

1

1

33

7

0

0

0

Congo

0

0

0

0

28

28

28

Cote d'Ivoire

40

11

31

35

16

21

21

Egypt

68

221

87

89

259

172

363

Gambia

52

86

419

625

103

201

95

Madagascar

0

6

7

5

6

10

24

Mauritania

0

9

79

570

2

30

357

Morocco

22

32

57

53

93

63

62

Namibia

40

11

11

11

11

11

0

Nigeria

1

20

2

1

1

10

10

South Africa

0

0

40

21

54

42

104

Sudan (former)

0

3

1

42

166

85

44

Swaziland

115

631

110

110

110

110

110

Tunisia

141

272

254

131

109

144

201

AFRICA

513

1,343

1,170

1,721

975

937

1,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

238

221

674

767

366

711

582

New Caledonia

0

4

4

2

3

12

12

New Zealand

71

90

155

148

124

119

123

OCEANIA

314

315

833

917

493

842

717

WORLD

34,244

53,613

60,850

55,672

53,671

59,408

59,732

Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
*The trade in albumen is not included.
Source: FAO

During 2011, Australia imported 582 tonnes of dried egg, of which 404 tonnes came from Denmark, while Canada and the US supplied 107 tonnes and 71 tonnes, respectively.

New Zealand’s imports of 123 tonnes in 2011 came from Canada (79 tonnes) and the US (42 tonnes).

Trade in Liquid Egg

As with dried egg, the quantities of liquid egg traded by countries in Africa and Oceania are small. Of the 1,000 tonnes marketed in 2011 (Table 5), South Africa accounted for 652 tonnes, as Mozambique took 566 tonnes and Angola 85 tonnes. However, in 2012 South Africa’s dried egg exports totalled around 1,670 tonnes.

The only other major exporter of liquid egg was Egypt with 261 tonnes, shipments of 140 tonnes being made to Saudi Arabia, while Libya and Jordan took 70 tonnes and 50 tonnes, respectively.

Australia with 371 tonnes (Table 5) accounted for almost 79 per cent of Oceania’s liquid egg exports in 2011, with some 291 tonnes being bought by Thailand. In 2012, Australia exported nearly 300 tonnes.

Table 5. Exports of liquid egg from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Egypt

0

0

0

0

82

375

261

Gambia

0

0

0

0

0

0

22

Kenya

1

0

11

4

0

2

2

Malawi

0

0

0

0

10

7

7

Namibia

2

19

19

19

19

19

19

Senegal

0

0

7

36

1

4

0

South Africa

532

167

10

8

99

129

652

Uganda

0

1

0

34

1

106

33

Zambia

0

0

0

0

44

0

0

Zimbabwe

13

160

62

20

20

0

0

AFRICA

552

348

139

130

269

650

1,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

685

468

228

237

400

210

371

Fiji

1

20

460

57

20

6

15

New Zealand

55

231

125

178

202

293

87

OCEANIA

741

719

813

472

622

509

473

WORLD

144,190

194,078

217,255

235,998

266,462

272,639

313,984

Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

On the import side (Table 6) the quantities traded are similar to the picture for exports. In 2011, nearly 1,400 tonnes of liquid egg were imported into African countries. Egypt was the biggest buyer taking 822 tonnes, of which 360 tonnes were supplied by Greece and 285 tonnes by the Netherlands, while 130 tonnes came from the US.

Mauritania bought nearly 190 tonnes of liquid egg with the Netherlands (109 tonnes) the main supplier.

Australia accounts for nearly all of this business in Oceania, purchases in 2011 amounting to 384 tonnes the bulk coming from Thailand (156 tonnes), New Zealand (85 tonnes) and Taiwan (83 tonnes).

Table 6. Imports of liquid egg into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)

Country

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Algeria

11

3

4

4

7

3

3

Botswana

152

180

78

10

17

0

5

Cabo Verde

0

1

3

6

9

35

20

Congo

0

52

0

0

0

0

0

Cote d'Ivoire

0

0

0

0

21

32

0

Dem. Rep. Congo

1

0

11

340

49

98

24

Egypt

0

168

0

0

80

676

822

Gabon

20

0

0

0

0

0

0

Gambia

26

48

524

425

147

212

45

Kenya

0

14

6

0

1

0

8

Madagascar

1

0

2

1

1

44

16

Mauritania

0

42

68

355

0

31

188

Mauritius

13

4

1

0

0

0

1

Morocco

1

34

16

3

0

1

1

Namibia

72

54

54

54

54

54

54

Niger

16

35

0

0

0

0

0

Nigeria

10

10

0

0

0

8

14

Senegal

0

16

39

34

19

13

18

South Africa

2

180

80

37

0

1

1

Swaziland

704

1,239

82

82

82

82

82

Togo

1

34

19

19

5

0

0

United Rep. Tanzania

5

2

5

8

3

26

17

AFRICA

1,037

2,123

1,004

1,385

554

1,326

1,369

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

92

414

345

305

377

425

384

Fiji

305

2

3

1

8

10

2

French Polynesia

0

8

18

11

62

25

10

New Caledonia

3

0

16

7

18

0

0

New Zealand

4

0

0

0

5

34

16

Tonga

0

11

0

0

0

0

0

OCEANIA

405

439

384

326

472

496

414

WORLD

124,335

189,368

215,287

230,369

249,486

270,486

271,809

Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

April 2014

 


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